Table 4.

Intervention types, success of interventions (gaining access or ending grooming bout), and rank relationships of the focal towards both groomers in mangabeys, south chimpanzees and east chimpanzees in cases where intervention types were known (n = 515).

intervener higher- ranking than bothintervener of intermediate rankintervener lower- ranking than both
intervention typesuccessfulunsuccessfulsuccessfulunsuccessfulsuccessfulunsuccessful
mangabeysupplant26025120
disrupt23214030
join271513
total51940663
chimpanzee eastsupplant103020
disrupt000001
join13827202633
total14830202834
chimpanzee southsupplant619131
disrupt302020
join252546335257
total342657345758