Table 1.

Geological timetable of events in the Fenland Basin and their correlation to the near Continent during the Middle to Late Pleistocene. The NW European chronostratigraphy is based on Litt et al. [8,9]. For further explanation see text.

British chronostratigraphy/climatostratigraphyfluvial/eventsmarine/incursion eventsglacial/aeolian eventsclimatehuman occupationcontinental chronostratigraphy/climatostratigraphyapprox. Marine Isotope (sub-) Stage (MIS)
DevensianLateDowncutting and aggradation of gravel and sand in river valleys? Loess/cover sand deposition locallyperiglacial?Weichselian∼1–2
Downcutting and aggradation of gravel and sand in river valleys and lacustrine sedimentationDevensian glaciation s.s. lacustrine ponding of river valleysperiglacial/glacial
MiddleDowncutting and aggradation of gravel and sand in river valleysperiglacial/interstadial*3
Deposition of interstadial depositsinterstadial∼4–5d
EarlyDowncutting and aggradation of gravel and sand in river valleysperiglacial
IpswichianAggradation of temperate floodplain and channel sedimentsestuarine sedimentationtemperateEemian∼5e
WolstonianLateDowncutting and aggradation of gravel and sand in river valleys? Loess/cover sand deposition locallyperiglacialWarthe StadialSaalian6
Non-deposition
Downcutting and aggradation of gravel and sand in river valleysperiglacial
Non-depositionWolstonian glaciation s.s. lacustrine ponding of river valleysperiglacial/glacialDrenthe Stadial
Downcutting and aggradation of gravel and sand in river valleys and lacustrine sedimentation
Deposition of High Lodge silt depositstemperate*?Schöningen Interstadial/Interglacial∼7
WolstonianEarly/MiddleDowncutting and aggradation of gravel and sand in river valleysperiglacial*Saalian8 to ∼11b
Non-deposition
Downcutting and aggradation of temperate floodplain and channel sediments ? and lacustrine sedimentsperiglacial/?temperate*?Bantega Interstadial
Non-deposition
Downcutting and aggradation of gravel and sand in river valleys and lake basin infill with fine-grained sedimentation in river valleys, etc. during interglacial eventsinterstadial/temperate??Wacken/Dömnitz/Reinsdorf/Hoogeveen Interstadial/Interglacial
? Loess deposition locallyperiglacial?Fuhne Stadial
HoxnianInfill of lake basins, incoherent river systemestuarine sedimentationtemperate*Holsteinian∼11c
AnglianTunnel valley formation, glaciofluvial and glaciolacustrine depositionGlaciation of lowland eastern Englandperiglacial/glacialElsterian12
pre-AnglianNon-depositionpre-Elsterianpre-12
Downcutting and aggradation of gravel and sand in river valleysperiglacial